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What is a special purpose acquisition company?

On Behalf of | Mar 17, 2022 | Corporate Litigation

New York is one of the world’s capitals for finance, so it is a hot spot for special purpose acquisition companies, or SPACs. A SPACs is an innovative way to execute mergers and acquisitions that is blended with an IPO.


Taking a company public is a crucial step for investors in a startup or other private company. When the company goes public, the value of their shares should increase because many new people can buy the stock, giving them a way to sell their shares for a big profit. However, IPOs can be hard to execute. There is a lot of reporting and documentation, which can take a year or more to carry out.

SPACs can get around that process. A SPAC is a null company that exists but has no operations, revenue or business plan. It can exist for two years without doing anything. The goal of a SPAC is to find a promising private company and merge with it, creating a public company with the value and operations of the target. This is an IPO that avoids the paperwork of a true IPO but provides the same outcome.

A SPAC can provide a great way to get a company public fast, but the mergers do not always succeed. For example, the target company might be a flop and lose money, or the SPAC might fail to find a good target within two years. SPACs have seen a massive wave of hype in recent years, but many SPACs past the initial wave have failed to perform well.

SPACs can be an interesting investment choice. However, they carry their own risks, so it’s important to do due diligence before investing.